Mumbai: The recent verdict of the Supreme Court on Essar Steel’s insolvency resolution process, which upheld the primacy of secured creditors, will drive global investments into India’s distressed assets market as it will expedite the litigation process, said Rahul Chawla, managing director at Deutsche Bank India.
“It sets the sanctity of the capital structure in place. There is a logic by which a secured creditor is secured and an unsecured creditor is unsecured. So, I think (Essar judgement) puts to rest the fact that its sanctity is preserved and I think the bigger benefit of all of this is that it also puts to rest the debate about the role and responsibility of the committee of creditors (CoC) and thereby the whole Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC) law,” Chawla said in an interview.
On 15 November, Supreme Court overturned a 5 July judgement by the National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) which gave parity to operational creditors and financial creditors for distribution of resolution proceeds. In its Essar Steel judgement, the apex court gave precedence to secured financial creditors over unsecured operational creditors, paving the way for future insolvency cases. Chawla said while the Essar Steel resolution took more than two years because of multiple litigations at different levels of the judiciary, the final outcome settles the law around several important issues, which is an encouraging sign for investors in distressed assets.
“I think every law needs to go through a certain process, but with this (Essar Steel verdict), the fact that the CoC is supreme, the fact that the capital structure prevails, gives every investor a lot of confidence that this (IBC) is not something which will keep getting diluted,” said Chawla.
IBC, combined with a central bank that is pushing the banking sector to clean up its balance sheets, has already attracted several distressed asset investors. Resolution of large insolvency cases such as Essar will only help to increase the interest from such investors.
On Wednesday, Canada Pension Plan Investment Board (CPPIB) said that it is investing $225 million into India Resurgence Fund, a stressed asset investment platform sponsored by the Piramal group and private equity firm Bain. Several global investors such as KKR, Hong Kong-based SSG Capital Management, Lone Star Funds, Cerberus Capital and Canada’s Brookfield Asset Management Inc. are already present in India and vying for opportunities.
Deutsche Bank itself is betting big on the distressed space in India. With a global distressed assets platform managing billions of dollars of stressed loans, it believes it has the experience and the right strategy in place to succeed in the growing Indian distressed market.